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Expecting a Call Detail's Occurrence Compound Steps
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Expecting a Call Detail's...





Expecting a Call Detail's Occurrence Steps

The call Compound Step is associated with four Expectation Steps: start ringing, connect, disconnect and does not detect an incoming call that test whether the call enters the specified state within a given timeout. Using one of these steps blocks the test case execution until the given call state is reached. If the call state is not reached within the timeout, the step fails.

Note: Certain steps are incompatible with each other. If Incompatible Step Details are used, an exception will be printed to the log.

Calculating the Timeout

When the expect call detail variants do not include a specified timeout (within <Number> seconds), the number of seconds/minutes to wait will be deduced based on the sum of all timeouts of the corresponding Step Detail and all of its preceding Step Details.

Example

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And A starts a call to B as MY_CALL:
  * detect incoming call within 7 seconds
  * ringing duration is 5 seconds
  * caller connects within 8 seconds

And expect the call MY_CALL to connect

In this example, the within clause is omitted from the Expectation Step. Therefore, 7 + 5 + 8 = 20 seconds is used as the timeout because the call must connect at most within the sum of:

  • The detection timeout

  • the ringing duration

  • and the caller connection timeout

Expect the Call to Start Ringing

Confirms that the call initiated from the Compound Step is established and callee has started ringing within a certain period.

Note:

  • If no timeout is specified in the expectation step, the number of seconds specified in the Detect Incoming Call detail will be used as the timeout.

  • If the Detect Incoming Call Step Detail is not specified, a default of 30 seconds will be used.

Syntax

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// Does not specify timeout
expect the call <callName Identifier> to start ringing
// Specifies the timeout
within <time Number> seconds, expect the call <callName Identifier> to start ringing

Parameters

  • time - The specified number of seconds

  • callName - The name assigned to the call

Example

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And A starts a call to B as MY_CALL:
     * detect incoming call within 7 seconds
And expect the call MY_CALL to start ringing

In the example above, the ringing Expectation Step will use 7 seconds as the timeout.

Expect the Call to Stop Ringing

Confirms that the call initiated from the Compound Step is established and callee has stopped ringing within a certain period. It may only to be used in the use case where the Callee Does Not Answer Step Detail is used within the Call Compound Step.

Note:

  • If no timeout is specified in the expectation Step, the Callee Does Not Answer will be used as the expectation step timeout.

  • When the expectation timeout is not provided explicitly, it will be calculated from the timeouts provided in the step details (see Example 2 below).

Syntax

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// Does not specify timeout
And expect the call <callName Identifier> to stop ringing
// Specifies the timeout
And within <timeout Number> <timeUnit>, expect the call <callName Identifier> to stop ringing

Parameters

  • callName- The name assigned to the call

  • timeout - The number of timeUnits to wait for the party to disconnect before timing out

  • timeUnit - Must be one of millisecond, milliseconds, second, seconds, minute or minutes

Example 1 - Explicitly-Provided Expectation Timeout

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And A starts a call to B as EXAMPLE_CALL:
      * callee does not answer

And within 30 seconds, expect the call EXAMPLE_CALL to stop ringing

In the example above, the explicitly-provided expectation timeout of 30 seconds will be used for the expectation step.

Example 2 - Implicitly Calculated Expectation Timeout

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And A starts a call to B as EXAMPLE_CALL:
      * detect incoming call within 20 seconds
      * ringing duration is 5 seconds
      * callee does not answer

And expect the call EXAMPLE_CALL to stop ringing

In the example above, the expectation timeout will be 20 + 5 + 5 = 30 seconds, because it was calculated from the timeouts provided in the step details.

Do Not Expect the Call to Start Ringing

Confirms that the call initiated from the Compound Step does not start ringing within a timeout period.

Syntax

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within <time Number> <timeUnit TimeUnit>, do not expect the call
    <callName Identifier> to start ringing

Parameters

  • time - The specified number of seconds

  • timeUnit - One of milliseconds, seconds, minutes or hours

  • callName - The name assigned to the call

Example

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within 5 seconds, do not expect the call MYCALL to start ringing

Expect the Call to Connect

Confirms that the call initiated from the Compound Step connects within a timeout period.

Note:

  • If no timeout is specified in the expectation Step, the number of seconds specified in the Caller Connects or Callee Connects Step Detail will be used as the timeout.

  • If neither the Caller Connects nor the Callee Connects Step Detail is specified, a default of 300 seconds will be used.

  • If the call has already reached the ringing status when the connect Expectation Step is called, the time needed until the call reaches the ringing status will be deducted from the connect timeout.

Syntax

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expect the call <callName Identifier> to connect
within <time Number> seconds, expect the call <callName Identifier> to connect

Parameters

  • time - The specified number of seconds

  • callName - The name assigned to the call

Example

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And A starts a call to B as MY_CALL:
   * detect incoming call within 7 seconds
   * ringing duration is 5 seconds
   * caller connects within 8 seconds

And expect the call MY_CALL to connect

In the example above, the timeout will be one of:

  • detection timeout (7) + ringing duration (5) + caller connection timeout (8) = 20 seconds, when the ringing status is not yet reached.

  • caller connection timeout (8) = 8 seconds when the ringing status is already reached.

Do Not Expect the Call to Connect

Confirms that the call initiated from the Compound Step does not connect within a timeout period.

Syntax

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within <time Number> <timeUnit TimeUnit>, do not expect the call
    <callName Identifier> to connect

Parameters

  • time - The specified number of seconds

  • timeUnit - One of milliseconds, seconds, minutes or hours

  • callName - The name assigned to the call

Example

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within 5 seconds, do not expect the call MYCALL to connect

Expect the Call to Disconnect

Confirms that the call initiated from the Compound Step disconnects within a timeout period.

Note:

  • If no timeout is specified in the disconnect Expectation Step, the number of seconds specified in the Call Duration Step Detail will be used as the timeout.

  • If the Call Duration Step Detail is not specified, a random number between 2 and 20 seconds will be used.

  • If the call has already reached the ringing or connected status when the disconnect expectation detail is called, the time needed until the call reaches the ringing or connected status will be deducted from the disconnect timeout.

Syntax

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expect the call <callName Identifier> to disconnect
within <time Number> seconds, expect the call <callName Identifier> to disconnect

Parameters

  • time - The specified number of seconds

  • callName - The name assigned to the call

Example

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And A starts a call to B as MY_CALL:
  * detect incoming call within 7 seconds
  * ringing duration is 5 seconds
  * caller connects within 8 seconds
  * callee connects within 6 seconds
  * call duration is 27 seconds

And expect the call MY_CALL to disconnect

In the example above, the timeout will be one of:

  • detection timeout (7) + ringing duration (5) + caller connection timeout (8)+ callee connection timeout (6) + call duration (27) = 46 seconds when neither ringing nor connected status is already reached.

  • ringing duration (5) + caller connection timeout (8) + callee connection timeout (6) + call duration (27) = 39 seconds when ringing status is already reached but connected not yet.

  • call duration (27) = 27 seconds when both ringing and connected statuses are already reached.

Do Not Expect the Call to Disconnect

Confirms that the call initiated from the Compound Step does not disconnect within a timeout period.

Syntax

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within <time Number> <timeUnit TimeUnit>, do not expect the call
    <callName Identifier> to disconnect

Parameters

  • time - The specified number of seconds

  • timeUnit - One of milliseconds, seconds, minutes or hours

  • callName - The name assigned to the call

Example

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within 10 seconds, do not expect the call MYCALL to disconnect

Expect the Call Not to be Established

Confirms that the call initiated from the call Compound Step is not established by callee.

Note:

  • If no timeout is specified in the not to be established Expectation Step, the number of seconds specified in the Callee Does Not Detect Call Step Detail will be used as the timeout.

Syntax

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expect the call <callName Identifier> not to be established
within <time Number> seconds, expect the call <callName Identifier> not to be established

Parameters

  • time - The specified number of seconds

  • callName - The name assigned to the call

In the following example the call should not be established, due to the B being in airplane mode.

Example

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And deferred, within 20 seconds, B disables airplane mode
And within 20 seconds, B enables airplane mode

And A starts a call to B as MY_CALL:
    * callee does not detect an incoming call within 11 seconds

And expect the call MY_CALL not to be established

Expect the Call to be Rejected

The expect the call <callName> to be rejected Step may be used with two different Step Details:

  • callee rejects the call

  • network rejects the call

Expect the Callee to Reject the Call

Syntax

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expect the call <callName Identifier> to be rejected
within <time Number> seconds, expect the call <callName Identifier> to be rejected

Parameters

  • time - The specified number of seconds

  • callName - The name assigned to the call

Example

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And A starts a call to B as MY_CALL:
  * detect incoming call within 7 seconds
  * callee rejects the call

And expect the call MY_CALL to be rejected

In the example above, when the within clause is omitted from the Expectation Step. This means the timeout is 7 + a random number between 2 and 5 seconds because the call must be rejected within the sum of the detection timeout and the rejection timeout.

Note:

  • If no timeout is specified in the reject Expectation Step, the timeout is calculated from the length of the Detect Incoming Call plus a random number between 2 and 5.

  • If the Detect Incoming Call Step Detail is not specified, a default value of 30 seconds will be used.

Expect the Network to Reject the Call

Important! When using the network rejects the call Step Detail, both phones must be intaQt-controlled and a timeout must be specified.

Syntax

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expect the call <callName Identifier> to be rejected
within <time Number> seconds, expect the call <callName Identifier> to be rejected

Parameters

  • time - The specified number of seconds

  • callName - The name assigned to the call

Example

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Given phones as A and B:
   *  of type Android
And A starts a call to B as MY_CALL:
  * network rejects the call within 13 seconds

And expect the call MY_CALL to be rejected

In the example above, when the within clause is omitted from the Expectation Step, the timeout is 13 seconds because the call must be rejected within the network rejection timeout.

Test Case Example

Example

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Feature: callCompoundStep
  Scenario: callCompoundStepScenario
    Given an Android phone as A
    And an Android phone as B
    And A starts a call to B as MYCALL:
      * detect incoming call within 10 seconds
      * caller ends the call
      * caller connects within 5 seconds
      * callee connects within 5 seconds
      * caller dials nat format
      * callee expects signaled number in any format
      * call duration is 11 seconds
      * ringing duration is 8 seconds
    // Expectation Steps
    And expect the call MYCALL to start ringing
    Then expect the call MYCALL to connect
...